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concussion-whistle

Questions and Answers About Concussions

posted on December 28, 2016

Concussion is a serious health issue for all people, regardless of age, gender, or activity level. A concussion is a severe form of traumatic brain injury that can be sustained from an athletic event to a fall. Anybody sustaining or suspecting of a concussion needs to be evaluated in order to make sure they are not at risk for serious health issues.

What is a Concussion?
A concussion is a form of brain injury. It can occur from a direct hit to the brain on an object/ground or from a moving object. It can also occur from a sudden force without a direct hit to the head. The Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate around 1.6 to 3.8 million recreation concussions each year. Almost nine percent of US high school injuries involve concussions.

What are the Signs and Symptoms?

  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Balance Problems
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Trouble Falling asleep
  • Excessive Sleep
  • Loss of Sleep
  • Drowsiness
  • Light Sensitivity
  • Noise Sensitivity
  • Irritability
  • Sadness
  • Nervousness
  • More Emotional
  • Numbness
  • Feeling "Slow"
  • Feeling "Foggy"
  • Difficulty Concentrating
  • Difficulty Remembering
  • Visual Problems

What Should I Do if Someone Sustains a Concussion?
If you suspect an athlete of sustaining a concussion, remove them from play immediately. This will reduce risk of further injury.

Checklist and screening tests can help in diagnosing a concussion. Some tests that can be performed immediately may include:

  • Balance assessment test
  • Brief mental exam test
  • Symptom checklist
  • The Standardized Assessment of Concussion (SAC)

Expert training of these tests is important to obtain accurate information. The results should be shared with the individual’s licensed health care professional. These test are not the only information in diagnosing a concussion. A concussion diagnosis is based upon the clinical examination and history.

The injured athlete or person should be evaluated by a licensed physical care professional. This person should be trained in diagnosing and managing concussions

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